Internet
January 1, 2004
www.nationmaster.com
Encyclopedia: List of Austrians
Artists * Herbert Bayer, artist, typographer, art director, graphic designer * Ernst Fuchs, painter and sculptor, born in Vienna, 1930 * Rudolf Hausner, painter and graphic artist, 1914-1995 * Gottfried Helnwein, artist, born in Vienna, 1948 * Alfred Hrdlicka, sculptor and graphic artist, born in Vienna, 1928 * Friedensreich Hundertwasser, artist, 1928-2000, born in Vienna * Gustav Klimt, artist, helped found Vienna Secession * Oskar Kokoschka, painter, 1886-1980, born in P chlarn (Lower Austria) * Inge Morath, photographer * Hermann Nitsch, artist, painter, born in Vienna, 1938 * Alf Poier, artist and stand-up comedian * Arnulf Rainer, painter, born 1929 * Egon Schiele, painter, 1890-1918 * Margarete Sch tte-Lihotzky, architect and political activist
This list is rather generous -- many people on this list can also claim other nationalities; some were born in Austria, but spent the most important part of their lives outside Austria (e.g. Hitler, Schwarzenegger), others were born outside Austria or even outside of Austria-Hungary, but spent the most important part of their lives in Austria (e.g. Beethoven, Elisabeth of Austria).
Famous Austrians include:
Actors/Actresses
* Leon Askin, actor
* Klaus Maria Brandauer, actor
* Liane Haid, first Austrian movie star
* Hedy Lamarr, (1913-2000), actress; also co-inventor of spread spectrum radio technology
* Romy Schneider, actress (Sissi)
* Arnold Schwarzenegger, (born 1947), bodybuilder, actor, and politician (became naturalized U.S. citizen)
* Oskar Werner, actor
Artists
* Herbert Bayer, artist, typographer, art director, graphic designer
* Ernst Fuchs, painter and sculptor, born in Vienna, 1930
* Rudolf Hausner, painter and graphic artist, 1914-1995
* Gottfried Helnwein, artist, born in Vienna, 1948
* Alfred Hrdlicka, sculptor and graphic artist, born in Vienna, 1928
* Friedensreich Hundertwasser, artist, 1928-2000, born in Vienna
* Gustav Klimt, artist, helped found Vienna Secession
* Oskar Kokoschka, painter, 1886-1980, born in P chlarn (Lower Austria)
* Inge Morath, photographer
* Hermann Nitsch, artist, painter, born in Vienna, 1938
* Alf Poier, artist and stand-up comedian
* Arnulf Rainer, painter, born 1929
* Egon Schiele, painter, 1890-1918
* Margarete Sch tte-Lihotzky, architect and political activist
Filmmakers
* Fritz Lang, film director, December 05, 1890 - August 02, 1976
* Josef von Sternberg, film director, 1894-1969
* Billy Wilder, film director, 1906-2002, born in Austria-Hungary
* Otto Preminger, film director
* Fred Zinnemann, film director
* Franz Antel, filmmaker
Inventors
* Gaston Glock, inventor, founder of Glock
* Eduard Haas, inventor of PEZ
* Viktor Kaplan, inventor of turbines for river power plants
* Johann Korbuly, inventor of matador (special wooden toy)
* Josef Madersberger, invented the sewing-machine in 1818
* Sigfried Marcus, inventor of automobile in 1864 in Vienna, lived most of his life in Austria
* Paul Schwarzkopf, inventor of powder metallurgy
* Auer von Welsbach, inventor of gaslight
Musicians
* Ludwig van Beethoven composer, born in Bonn but spent most of his life in Vienna
* Alban Berg, composer, 1885-1935, born in Vienna
* Falco, (1957-1998), pop musician
* Friedrich Gulda, pianist and composer, born in 1930 in Vienna
* Joseph Haydn, Composer of the former "Imperial Hymn" now German Hymn
* Udo J rgens, singer-songwriter
* Walter Jurmann, composer
* Gustav Mahler, composer
* Leopold Mozart, composer & musician
* Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composer & musician
* Franz Schubert, composer & musician
* Johann Strauss, Sr., 1809-1849, Johann Strauss, Jr., 1825-1899, and Josef Strauss, 1827-1870, the "Waltz Kings" of the latter 19th century
* Fritz Wotruba, sculptor, 1907-1975, born in Vienna
* Joe Zawinul, jazz musician, composer, born in Vienna, 1932
Philosophers
* Martin Buber, philosopher, 1878-1965, born in Vienna
* Heinrich Gomperz, philosopher, 1873-1942, born in Vienna
* Karl Popper, philosopher (born in Austria, became British)
* Othmar Spann, philosopher and economist
* Rudolf Steiner, mystic & philosopher
* Otto Weininger, philosopher
* Ludwig Wittgenstein, philosopher, born 1889 in Vienna
Politicians
* Engelbert Dolfuss, politician, 1892-1934, born in Texing
* Bruno Kreisky, Chancellor of Austria (1970-1983)
* Karl Renner, (1870-1950), Chancellor and President of Austria
* Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, diplomat
* Kurt Waldheim, diplomat and politician; former Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1982, former President of Austria from 1986 to 1992 born 1918
Psychologists
* Alfred Adler, father of Individual Psychology
* Sigmund Freud, father of psychoanalysis
* Otto Rank, pioneer psychologist
* Wilhelm Reich, psychologist, (1897-1957)
Scientists
* Ludwig Boltzmann, physicist, 1844-1906, born in Vienna
* Fritjof Capra, physicist
* Christian Andreas Doppler, physicist, 1803-1853, born in Salzburg
* Paul Ehrenfest, physicist & mathematician
* Viktor Frankl, father of logotherapy
* Kurt G del, mathematician (born in Austria-Hungary, became naturalized U.S. citizen)
* Hans Hass, biologist
* Friedrich Hayek, Nobel Prize winner (economics)
* Karl Landsteiner, physician, serologist, Nobel Prize winner, 1886-1943
* Konrad Lorenz zoologist, Nobel prize 1973 (physiology/medicine)
* Lise Meitner, physicist
* Gregor Mendel, pioneer of genetics
* Ludwig von Mises, free-market economist
* Wolfgang Pauli, Nobel prize winner (Physics, 1945)
* Ferdinand Porsche, automotive engineer, designed the Volkswagen (the "people's car"), born in Austria-Hungary
* Erwin Schr dinger, physicist and Nobel Prize winner
* Berta von Suttner, Nobel Prize winner
Sportsmen/Sportswomen
* Franz Klammer, downhill skier, born in Mooswald (Carinthia), 1953
* Niki Lauda, (born 1949), race car driver and aviation entrepreneur
* Hermann Maier, skier, born 1972
* Thomas Muster, tennis champion, born 1967
* Gernot Reinstadler, skier (1970-1991)
* Jochen Rindt, race car driver
* Toni Sailer, 1956 Olympic Games - Won all three gold medals earning himself the Triple Crown of Alpine Skiing ; born 1935
Writers
* Ingeborg Bachmann, poet, 1926-1973
* Thomas Bernhard, dramatist, novelist, poet, 1931-1989, born in Cloister Heerlen, Netherlands
* Heimito von Doderer, writer, 1896-1966, born in Hadersdorf-Weidlingau near Vienna
* Peter Handke, author, born in 1942 in Griffen (Carinthia)
* Franz Kafka, writer, born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (wrote in German)
* Ludwig von K chel, writer, composer, botanist, music historian
* Karl Kraus, essayist, poet, dramatist, 1874-1936
* Robert Musil, writer
* G nther Nenning, journalist, born 1921
* Arthur Schnitzler, writer
* Fritz Spiegl, journalist
* Friedrich Torberg, narrative writer, essayist, script author 1908-1979, born in Vienna
* Georg Trakl, poet
* Stefan Zweig, writer, 1881-1942, born in Vienna
Other Notables
* Marie Antoinette, born in Vienna, became Queen of France
* Elisabeth of Austria ("Sissi"), born in Munich (Bavaria)
* Otto Habsburg-Lothringen
* Theodor Herzl, "founder" of Israel, lived most of his life in Austria
* Adolf Hitler, dictator of Germany from 1933-1945, born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau am Inn
* Franz Cardinal K nig, 1905-2004, Archbishop of Vienna (1956-1985)
* Alma Mahler, wife and muse to Mahler, Gropius, Werfel
* G nther Schifter, radio personality
* Georg Ritter von Trapp, head of The Sound of Music family
* Simon Wiesenthal, b.1908, Nazi hunter




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