Das Buch zur Ausstellung "Der Untermensch", Musée d’Art Moderne, Strasbourg, 1987
"It may be seen that the Viennese Helnwein is part of a tradition going back to the 18th century, to which Messerschmidt's grimacing sculptures are to belong, on which one of Freud's pupils wrote a long treatise. One sees, too, the common ground of these works with those of Arnulf Rainer or Nitsch, two other Viennese, who display their own bodies in the frame of reference of injury, pain, and death. And one sees how this fascination with body language goes back to the expressive gesture in the work of Egon Schiele."
(Roland Recht, Chief Curator of Museums, Strasbourg, Musée d’Art Moderne, Strasbourg. From the Essay "The Self-Portais of Gottfried Helnwein: A World of Horror in Pictures.")